Guest Lecture: The Classification, Naming and Text Structure of Dunhuang Manuscripts

Guest Lecture: The Classification, Naming and Text Structure of Dunhuang Manuscripts

敦煌寫本齋文的分類、定名及其文本結構 (The Classification, Naming and Text Structure of Dunhuang Manuscripts)

郝春文(首都师范大学资深教授)

 

提要

数以千记的敦煌写本斋文可以分为《斋仪》和斋文两类,《齋儀》與《書儀》性質相同,是供起草齋文參考用的文書;齋文是依据《斋仪》起草的在各類齋會上宣讀的文書,是实用文本。斋文的文本结构可以分为“号头”、“歎德”、“齋意”、“道場”和“莊嚴”五个部分。《斋仪》和斋文集的结构大致包括赞颂功德、攘灾、患差、悼亡等诸多方面的内容,但具体编排次序有多种样态。

“愿文”是斋文的一种,不能作为“斋文”类文书的通称。

About the Speaker:

Prof. Hao is a senior professor of the School of History at Capital Normal University, also serving as the head of the university’s Institute of Historical Studies. He received his doctorate in History in 1999 from the Department of History at Capital Normal University.

His main areas of research are Dunhuang Documents, Buddhism in China, and Chinese History, especially from the 3rd to 13th century. In the past few decades, he has published several monographs on various related topics, which include Zhonggu shiqi sheyi yanjiu 中古時期社邑研究 (The Study of Confraternities in Medieval China), Tang houqi Wudai Song chu Dunhuang sengni de shehui shenghuo 唐後期五代宋初敦煌僧尼的社會生活 (The Social Life of Buddhist Monks and Nuns in Dunhuang during the Late Tang, Five Dynasties, and the Early Song), Shishi xiejing: Dunhuang yishu 石室寫經——敦煌遺書 (Scriptural Manuscripts in Stone Chambers: Dunhuang Documents), Dunhuang de lishi he wenhua 敦煌的歷史和文化 (The History and Culture of Dunhuang) (co-author), and Dunhuang sheyi wenshu jijiao 敦煌社邑文書輯校 (A Critical Collection of Documents concerning Confraternities from Dunhuang) (co-author). In addition, he was the chief editor of Vol. 12-14 in a multi-volume collection of Dunhuang manuscripts which are preserved in the United Kingdom and have published a host of articles. His current primary work-in-progress is an investigation of Dunhuang documents kept in the U.K., with the goal of collecting and studying the data related to social history. This is one of the major research projects sponsored by the National Social Science Fund of China. The outcome of this project will be a 30-volume series Ying cang Dunhuang shehui lishi wenxian shilu 英藏敦煌社會歷史文獻釋錄 (Annotated Transcription of the Dunhuang Literature concerning Social History Preserved in the U. K.), of which 15 volumes have already been published.

He associate himself widely with academic institutions, serving as a chairman or committee member. These posts include President of the Institute of Dunhuang and Turfan Studies of China, Chief Editor of Dunhuang xue guoji lianluo weiyuanhui tongxun 敦煌學國際聯絡委員會通訊 (Newsletter of International Liaison Committee for Dunhuang Studies), chief editor of Dunhuang Tulufan yanjiu 敦煌吐鲁番研究 (Studies on Dunhuang and Turfan), and editorial member of Zhongguo shi yanjiu 中國史研究 (Journal of Chinese Historical Studies). He believes that exchange and collaboration beget academic passion and inspire new ideas, and have thus kept himself active in academic conferences and visits.

He began his teaching career at Beijing Teachers’ College in 1986, and later joined Capital Normal University. In 1994, he was promoted to full professor for his special contributions in research and teaching. He has taught many courses for both graduate and undergraduate students, such as “Chinese pre-modern history”, “The History of Sui, Tang, and the Five Dynasties”, “Introduction to Tunhuangology”, “Studies of Dunhuang Documents”, “Topics in Historical Theories”, to name but a few. He is frequently invited to teach courses in other universities both abroad and at home, such as Princeton University, Yale University, National Chung Cheng University, and Nanjing Normal University.