oliver-mann-korea-japan-trip-2016-27-of-42

Cluster Leader: Jinhua Jia, Hong Kong Polytechnic University

The field visits of Cluster 2.1 have been focusing on the historical sites of the traditional Chinese state sacrificial system dedicated to spirits of major mountains and waters, including Five Marchmounts 五嶽, Five Strongholds 五鎮, Four Seas 四海, and Four Waterways 四瀆, which formed a part of the most authoritative religious institutions in imperial China. Over two thousand years, the state ritual and belief have gradually integrated with other religious traditions such as Daoism, Buddhism, and local cults. From the Jin dynasty onward, Daoists have been in charge of many of the state temples, taking part in, or fully responsible for, the sacrificial ritual. Local people have produced legends, stories, songs, deities, cults, and rituals related to the age-old mountain and water spirits. Temple fairs have continued and all kinds of popular religious activities such as offerings, worships, fortune telling, and spiritual possession are present in the fairs. These historical sites present a unique perspective to observe the transformation of traditional state sacrificial ritual and its integration with Daoist, Buddhist and popular religious culture.

The field visits to these sites have provided a unique perspective to address questions such as when, where, and who has defined authoritative and authentic religion in China, and how the “authoritative” religion has interacted and integrated with “sub-authoritative” and “non-authoritative” traditions. By investigating these sites, researchers in this cluster will seek to realign the narrative of the history of Chinese religion with traditional Chinese state religion, which has been largely disregarded by contemporary traditions-based definitions of religion in China (e.g., Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism).

Teams of Cluster 2.1 visited the Jidu Temple 濟瀆廟 (Temple of Ji River, one of the four waterways) and Mount Wangwu 王屋山 in 2017, the Dongzhen Temple 東鎮廟 (Temple of Eastern Stronghold), Mount Yi 沂山, and nearby religious sites in 2018, and the Beizhen Temple 北鎮廟 (Temple of Northern Stronghold) Mount Yiwulü, Mount Haitang 海棠山, and nearby religious sites in 2019. The outcomes of the three trips are three videos, about 700 stele inscriptions and images, and an on-going database. Some participants wrote research articles based on the visits and some plan to write books on the historical development of these religious sites.

The cluster plans to continue to investigate other sites related to the state sacrificial system to mountains and waters, to complete the database, and to hold an international conference focusing on this topic in 2021.

View digital data collection from 2017 here.

The report from the 2017 field visit can be found here.

Videos of the 2017 field visit are also available.

View digital data collection from 2018 here.

View digital data collection from 2019 here.

The report from the 2018 field visit can be found here.

Videos of the 2018 field visit are also available.

Watch the Chinese version on Youku:


2018 field visit team

The report from the 2019 field visit can be found here.

Videos of the 2019 field visit are also available.

 

 

Affiliated Researchers Associated Researchers
Bratt, David (University of California Berkeley) – 2017 Bai, Zhaojie (Shanghai Academy of Social Science) – 2018, 2019
Carlton, Kelly (Princeton University) – 2019 Chen, Siyu (Harvard Divinity School) – 2018
Lovedahl, Nate (Yale University) – 2018 Cheng, Jihong (Zhejiang Ocean University) – 2017
Rusk, Bruce (University of British Columbia) – 2017 He, Shuyue (McGill University)- 2018 (Columbia University) – 2019
Teiser, Stephen (Princeton University) – 2019 Huang, Chenxi (Renmin University) – 2017, 2018, 2019
ter Haar, Barend (Oxford University) – 2017, 2019 Kong, Qingmao (Nanjing University of the Arts) – 2017
Wang, Yue (University of Saskatchewan) – 2017 La Torre, Joseph (Harvard Divinity School) – 2018
Wei Yin (Oxford University) – 2018 Li, Jing (City University of Macau) – 2019
Xu, Yuji (Hong Kong Polytechnic University) – 2018 Li, Lin (Lu Xun Academy of Fine Arts) – 2018, 2019
Yang, Zhaohua (Columbia University) – 2019 Li, Teng (University of Macau) – 2017
Zhang, Yuanjing (Hong Kong Polytechnic University) – 2018, 2019 Liu, Jie (Zhejiang Ocean University) – 2017
Lu, Guobin (Lu Xun Academy of Fine Arts) – 2018, 2019
Rols, Johan (École pratique des hautes études) – 2017
Su, Shenghan (Hong Kong Polytechnic University) – 2018
Tian, Menglu (University of British Columbia) – 2018, 2019
Wang, Shixiao (Southeast University) – 2017, 2018
Wang, Xiaoyang (Southeast University) – 2017, 2018,2019
Wang, Yue (University of Alberta) – 2018, 2019
Wu, Sijia (Southeast University) – 2017,2019
Yuan, Xiaoli (Lu Xun Academy of Fine Arts) – 2019
Lin, Peiying (Fu-jen University) – 2018
KML-LogoFullscreen-LogoGeoJSON-LogoGeoRSS-Logo
Cluster 2.1

tải bản đồ - xin vui lòng chờ...

Jidu Temple 濟瀆廟 (Jiyuan City): 34.604381, 117.839655
Mount Wangwu: 35.200000, 112.166700
Dongzhen Temple 東鎮廟: 36.198116, 118.670063
Beizhen Temple 北鎮廟: 41.593333, 121.756667
Mount Yiwulü 醫巫閭山: 41.507630, 121.620100
Fengxian Temple 奉仙觀 (Jiyuan City): 35.100708, 112.573632
Yuqing Palace 玉清宮呂祖殿 (Jiyuan City): 35.074167, 112.490833
Changchun Abbey 長春觀 (Jiyuan City): 34.996111, 112.638889
Guandi Temple 關帝廟 (Jiyuan City): 35.031389, 112.641667
Qingzheng Abbey 清真觀 (Jiyuan City): 35.038611, 112.626389
Temple of Primal Mistress Turquoise Mist 碧霞元君祠: 36.276667, 118.468889
Palace of Jade Emperor 玉皇殿: 36.275833, 118.460556
Hall of Stone Buddha: 36.331389, 118.464167
Peak Haitang 海棠山: 41.959167, 121.851944
marker icon
 Fullscreen-Logo KML-Logo
Jidu Temple 濟瀆廟 (Jiyuan City)
Cluster 2.1 description

Cluster 2.1 2017 - Jidu Temple 濟瀆廟 (Jiyuan City) data collection

Jidu Temple, Jiyuan, Henan, China
marker icon
 Fullscreen-Logo KML-Logo
Mount Wangwu
Cluster 2.1 description

Cluster 2.1 2017 - Mount Wangwu (Jiyuan City) data collection

Mount Wangwu, Jiyuan, Henan, China
marker icon
 Fullscreen-Logo KML-Logo
Dongzhen Temple 東鎮廟
Cluster 2.1 - description

Cluster 2.1 2018 - Dongzhen Temple 東鎮廟 (Weifang City) data collection

Watch English audio with English and Chinese subtitles at Youtube: https://youtu.be/XhOOGqVgjxM

Watch Chinese audio with English and Chinese subtitles at Youtube: https://youtu.be/FI_OnCv8QZk
or Youku: https://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XNDE2NDg2NzkxMg==.html?spm=a2hzp.8253869.0.0

Dongzhen Temple 東鎮廟, Weifang, China
marker icon
 Fullscreen-Logo KML-Logo
Beizhen Temple 北鎮廟
Cluster 2.1 description

Cluster 2.1 2019 - Beizhen Temple data collection

Beizhen Temple 北鎮廟, Beizhen City 北鎮市, Liaoning Province 遼寧省, China
marker icon
 Fullscreen-Logo KML-Logo
Mount Yiwulü 醫巫閭山
Cluster 2.1 description

Cluster 2.1 2019 - Mount Yiwulü (Beizhen Temple) data collection

Beizhen City 北鎮市, Liaoning Province 遼寧省, China
marker icon
 Fullscreen-Logo KML-Logo
Fengxian Temple 奉仙觀 (Jiyuan City)
Cluster 2.1 description

Cluster 2.1 2017 - Fengxian Temple 奉仙觀 (Jiyuan City) data collection

Fengxian Temple 奉仙觀, Jiyuan 河南省, People's Republic of China
marker icon
 Fullscreen-Logo KML-Logo
Yuqing Palace 玉清宮呂祖殿 (Jiyuan City)
Cluster 2.1 description

Cluster 2.1 2017 - Yuqing Palace 玉清宮呂祖殿 (Jiyuan City) data collection

Yuqing Palace 玉清宮呂祖殿, Jiyuan 河南省, People's Republic of China
marker icon
 Fullscreen-Logo KML-Logo
Changchun Abbey 長春觀 (Jiyuan City)
Cluster 2.1 description

Cluster 2.1 2017 - Changchun Abbey 長春觀 (Jiyuan City) data collection

Changchun Abbey 長春觀, Jiyuan 河南省, People's Republic of China
marker icon
 Fullscreen-Logo KML-Logo
Guandi Temple 關帝廟 (Jiyuan City)
Cluster 2.1 description

Cluster 2.1 2017 - Guandi Temple 關帝廟 (Jiyuan City) data collection

Guandi Temple 關帝廟, Jiyuan 河南省, People's Republic of China
marker icon
 Fullscreen-Logo KML-Logo
Qingzheng Abbey 清真觀 (Jiyuan City)
Cluster 2.1 description

Cluster 2.1 2017 - Qingzheng Abbey 清真觀 (Jiyuan City) data collection

Qingzheng Abbey 清真觀, Jiyuan 河南省, People's Republic of China
marker icon
 Fullscreen-Logo KML-Logo
Temple of Primal Mistress Turquoise Mist 碧霞元君祠
Cluster 2.1 description

Cluster 2.1 2018 - (Weifang City 濰坊市) data collection

Temple of Primal Mistress Turquoise Mist 碧霞元君祠, Weifang, Shandong, China
marker icon
 Fullscreen-Logo KML-Logo
Palace of Jade Emperor 玉皇殿
Cluster 2.1 description

Cluster 2.1 2018 - Palace of Jade Emperor 玉皇殿 (Weifang City 濰坊市) data collection

Palace of Jade Emperor 玉皇殿, Weifang, Shandong, China
marker icon
 Fullscreen-Logo KML-Logo
Hall of Stone Buddha
Cluster 2.1 description

Cluster 2.1 2018 - Hall of Stone Buddha (Weifang City 濰坊市) data collection

Hall of Stone Buddha, Weifang, Shandong, China
marker icon
 Fullscreen-Logo KML-Logo
Peak Haitang 海棠山
Cluster 2.1 description

Cluster 2.1 2019 - Peak Haitang 海棠山 data collection

Peak Haitang 海棠山, Fuxin Shi, Liaoning Sheng, China